The city of the Cusco at the moment possesses great quantity of titles, that have attributed to him by its history, archaeology, anthropology and architecture of the city:
- Cusco Cultural Patrimony of the Humanity
- Cusco Archaeological Capital of America
- Cusco Historical Capital of Peru
- Cusco Navel of the World
Altitude: 3400 m.a.s.l.
Population of the province of Cusco: 305,789 inhabitants (estimated at 2002)
Location: Cusco. This one placed in the south zone of Peru embracing zones of mountain range and forest, has an extension of 76,329 square kilometers and its population surpasses the million inhabitants.
During the Viceroyalty, large mansions, imposing churches and convents were built on Inca foundations with a profusion of works of art inside.
The Hispanic-Andean Cultural fusion is manifested in Cusco in its maximum intensity, as much through its architecture as of its population, that conserves with pride its traditional customs. A wonderful natural environment joins all this. Visiting Cusco is therefore an unforgettable experience.
Between the great variety of the tourist resources that it possesses on leave those of landscaping cultural order, esoteric adventure and of diversion. Cusco has a good infrastructure in terms of leisure, with a large number of restaurants, pubs and discos that make the night Cusco is more attractive to tourists.
TOUR CUSCO PERU (CITY TOUR CUSCO)
There are daily excursions in the afternoons from 13:30 p.m. until 18:45 p.m. time in which the following sites are visited:
The Koricancha Temple: (At present, Temple of Santo Domingo or Temple of the Sun).
Important place in the time of the Incanato. It is built on its Inca walls The Church of Santo Domingo
Koricancha is an exceptional witness of the fusion of the Inca and western cultures, being one of the most important temples of the Tahuantinsuyu, its finely polished stone walls served as the foundation for the construction of the Santo Domingo Convent. The temple, whose sumptuous walls are said to have been covered with gold and silver leaf, was dedicated to the cult of the sun, sometimes housing images of Thunder and Wiracocha, deities brought from different regions and mummies of rulers. The worship inside the temple was restricted to the highest personalities of the time and even he came from far away representatives of non-Incan populations throughout the Empire to worship and pay tribute to the gods of the Tahuantinsuyu.
Built in the sixteenth century, has the Baroque style with a precious altar of seven tons of silver.
The Fortress of Sacsayhuamán:
It is a masterpiece of singular structure. This construction is attributed to the Incas of the last dynasties, it is located next to the Temple of San Cristóbal or Qolcampata, in the high part of the city. According to the chroniclers, it was a solar adoratory, others attribute to a place of defense of the city; the Spaniards were those who gave it the name of Fortress, for the formidable of its stone constructions is an imposing example of Inca military architecture, is located 2 km from the city of Cusco. This fortress was built with large blocks of granite to protect the city from the attacks of the invaders of the east or Antis. Sacsayhuaman (in Quechua, ‘satisfied hawk’) is formed by three large terraces superimposed in a zigzag shape and bordered by huge rock walls up to 300 m long. Because of its proximity and elevation with respect to Cusco and because of the dimensions of its stones – up to 5 m high and 350 tons of weight – it served as a quarry for certain buildings in colonial Cusco. It has 3 bastions superimposed one on top of the other, making note of the technique of the assembly of the stones. In the high part, there are foundations of what were three towers, being the most enigmatic the Muruy Marca and it is given several meanings, among them, water reservoir, related to astronomy. It occupies a quite large area, where we can find scattered groups of walls, aqueducts, thrones and others.
Located one kilometer from Sacsayhuaman, on the asphalted road that goes to Pisaq; possibly it was a ceremonial center since it is appreciated in the central part a giant monolith, possibly of an animal, that was the main deity, surrounded by a singular wall with 19 niches, where offerings were placed.
In the lower part, there are other niches and an altar that was used to embalm bodies or perhaps for sacrifices dedicated to their gods.
Also located on the same paved road. It could have been a resting place for the retinue that accompanied the Inca, when he was on his way to Tambomachay (Inca’s baths). Its construction is of rustic type conformed by alleys, houses, and patios. It also served as the house of the person who took care of the area.
It is located 9 km. from the city, known as the baths of the Inca for the shape of its water sources. It could also be a temple dedicated to the cult of the liquid element. It has three platforms with several niches, which can easily accommodate one person, at the service of the place.
If the passenger has an additional free day in Cusco, he can visit the following places:
In the museums is observed all the evidences found in the excavations carried out in the different archaeological centers, these visits have a duration of 2 to 3 hours, between which we emphasize like the most important ones:
CUSCO REGIONAL HISTORICAL MUSEUM.
HOUSE OF THE INCA GARCILASO DE LA VEGA IN CUSCO. (Free Admission)
In which we can appreciate:
- Ceramics of pre-Inca cultures of Cusco.
- Ceramics of pre-Inca cultures of Peru.
- Ceramics, textiles, Inca architecture.
- Colonial paintings.
- Chapels bathed in gold leaf.
- Balconies cusqueños (furniture).
- Colonial and republican coins.
- Tools for Inca agriculture, music and textiles.
MUSEUM OF SANTA CATALINA DEL CUSCO
Built on the old Aclla Wasi or House of the Virgins of the Sun
- Colonial chasubles embroidered with gold and silver threads.
- – Sculptures.
- – Trunk (scene from the Bible of the Old and New Testament).
- – Furniture.
- – Colonial fresco paintings.
- – Paintings of the Cusqueña school (syncretism of two cultures).
- – Geometric figures in stone.
CUSCO RELIGIOUS MUSEUM
Built on the Palace of Inca Roca.
- – Paintings of the Cusqueña School.
- – Colonial furniture.
- – Colonial chapels in their different styles.
- – Decorated and carpeted rooms.
- – The stone of the twelve angles.
- – The street of the seven snakes, the old yachay wasi or house of knowledge.
CUSCO ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM
- – Inca Architecture.
- – Metallurgy.
- – Textile industry.
- – Trepanation of human skulls.
- – Embalming of bodies.
- – Idols of gold, silver, copper, turquoise, etc.
- – Models of archaeological centers.
- – Objects of ceremonial rites.
SAN BLAS NEIGHBORHOOD IN CUSCO
Only in the afternoons from 14:00 hours, every day.
San Blas, with its climbing streets has monopolized almost all the popular artists of Cusco, we find there wonderful paintings and sculptures made by famous Cusco craftsmen, you will be able to appreciate the Cusco art in mud of different forms, the pulpit of the Church of San Blas where they will be impressed by the work done.
HISTORICAL SANCTUARY OF MACHUPICCHU CUSCO PERU
Located in the province of Urubamba from Km. 82 to Km. 122 of the railway line between Cusco and Quillabamba, it covers an area of 33,000 hectares. The climate of this zone is semi-tropical, rainy from November to April and warm from May to October. In this Sanctuary there is an abundance of flora and fauna, as well as majestic snow-capped mountains, which is an attraction for locals and foreigners: Salkantay, Waynapicchu among others. More than 114 archeological sites have also been registered so far, the following being the most important and accessible to tourism:
INKA CITY OF MACHUPICCHU – Famous Inka city, the most important Andean Cultural symbol, located in the middle of majestic mountains of jungle brow. To 112 Kms. by Railroad of Cusco.
It is difficult to find in the world a place comparable to Machupicchu. This Inca sanctuary, located in the heart of the archaeological capital of America, is one of the most important archaeological monuments in the world, declared by UNESCO as: Machupicchu Cultural Patrimony of Humanity next to the historic city: Cusco Cultural Patrimony of Humanity.
Visiting Machupicchu is a unique experience. The mystical solemnity of its imposing stone walls inspires a deep respect for the builders of this monumental work, who knew how to conjugate, like no one else in the world, the artifice of their creation with the capricious and wild nature.
The excursion to Machupicchu in Cusco Peru begins with the pick up from your hotel very early, leaving the train station in the morning towards the majestic city of Machupicchu, the travel time is approximately 3 hours 30 minutes, time during which you ascend to 3600 meters above sea level. Appreciating a diversity of natural landscapes according to the existing altitudinal floors, then descends by the Valley of Anta, passing by Ollantaytambo and arrives at the Station of Bridge Ruins located in the town of Aguas Calientes in Machupicchu Cusco, from this station buses must be taken to make the ascent to the Historical Sanctuary of Machupicchu in Cusco with a height of 2225 m.s.n.m. The visit begins observing the grandiose landscape that surrounds, enhancing the beauty of its Temples, adoratories, enclosures and staircases that connect the different planes on which the constructions are raised, all Machupicchu is an exaltation to the stone, the time of the visit is 3 hours, at the end of which again it is descended towards the town of Aguas Calientes (located at the foot of the mountain) where the visitor will be able to have lunch and to make his purchases. Then the return trip to the city of Cusco.
Duration of the excursion: 14 hours aprox.
Frequency: Every day.
Required (Prices per person)
Entrance to the Sanctuary
Useful tips: Camera and / or photographic camera
Light clothing and comfortable shoes.
INFORMATION ABOUT THE SACRED VALLEY
The Sacred Valley of the Inkas or Vilcanota Valley, is nestled between the towns of Pisaq (Calca) and Ollantaytambo (Urubamba) is beautiful, suggestive and was much appreciated by the Inca, due to its special conditions such as the beneficial climate and the generous fertility of their lands.
This tour begins with the pick up of the passengers of the hotel to go then across a paved highway to the town of Pisaq in Calca located to 32 Km. of the city of the Cusco Historical Capital of Peru; where it will be able to be appreciated and to make some purchases in the Handicraft Market (Main Square), the typical work will be observed handcrafted in ceramics, leather and looms elaborated by the own craftsmen of the place.
Continuing the excursion you will pass through the towns of Coya, Lamay, Calca, Yucay, Urubamba, where you can see beautiful flora and fauna during the journey that lasts approximately 45 minutes to reach the city of Urubamba where generally lunches in a typical restaurant or in any case international food; In the afternoon we continue the tour to the town of Ollantaytambo, the only inhabited Inka City, where the normal tour includes a visit to the Archaeological Complex of Ollantaytambo, if there is time is recommended to take a tour of the same town whose Inca streets are very beautiful.
This typical Inca town, located 93 km to the northeast of Cusco, was named after the cacique Ollanta, who according to oral tradition, fell in love with a princess daughter of the Inca Pachacutec and was harshly punished for fixing in a deity, his eyes of simple mortal.
In the complex, located on the hill that dominates the town, buildings such as the Temple of the Sun, the Mañaracay or Royal Hall, the Incahuatana and the Baths of the Princess stand out. In the upper part is a fortress consisting of a series of terraces of carved stone and was built to protect the valley from possible invasions of ethnic jungle. One of its best preserved areas extends north of Hanan Huacaypata Square: a total of 15 blocks of mansions built on walls of carved stone.
Then and back to Cusco, visit the Complex of Chinchero, indigenous people built on Inca constructions, there is an archaeological complex of importance and a colonial time.
Duration of the excursion: 10 hours aprox.
Frequency: Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sundays.
Useful advices: Camera and/or photographic camera.
Light clothing and comfortable shoes
INFORMATION ABOUT INKA TRAIL
The Inca Trail to Machupicchu in Cusco Peru, is a very old empire time, which connects Ollantaytambo and Machupicchu in the Sacred Valley of the Incas. Along its route an exuberant geographic beauty is appreciated, diverse ecological floors and rich flora and own fauna of the sanctuary; along its route numerous archaeological monuments will be appreciated, that are evidences of small populated centers of the time Inka, with great quantity of religious architecture, the most important are: Patallaqta, Runquraqay, Sayaqmarka, Phuyupatamarca, Wiñay Wayna and Machupicchu.
WIÑAY WAYNA – Beautiful archeological monument located 2 hours from Machupicchu along the Inka Trail, (2,400 masl), very close there is a small tourist lodge, and the local interpretation center of the Historic Sanctuary of Machupicchu (Faculty of Biology of the University of Cusco).
PUEBLO DE MACHUPICCHU (HOT WATERS) – It is the current town of Machupicchu, District of the Province of Urubamba, with approximately 800 inhabitants, dedicated to the offer of tourist services (lodging, restaurants and crafts). Its main attraction are the thermo-medicinal baths.
INKA WAY – The great Inca Empire was totally covered by a very complex network of roads that the experienced Inca builders built. The admirable Inca roads, with magnificent roads hundreds of kilometers long, joined all the confines of the Empire.
The Inca Trail in the stretch that is commonly known between km. 88 of the railway line to Machupicchu, concentrates 90% of the trekking or walks that are made in Cusco, however, is not the only route, there are others of a duration of one or more days to surrounding places of the valley, which travel the Andean roads and picturesque landscapes of the area.
Along 43Km. of route it will be possible to relive the pilgrimage that the ancient Peruvians made towards the sacred city of Machupicchu, enjoying the variety of landscapes and climates; from the temperate valley of Urubamba and the puna of Warmiwañusqa up to the semitropical zone of Wiñaywayna and Machupicchu.
People come from all over the world to get to know and personally experience the road that the majestic Incas traveled more than five hundred years ago.
- Duration of the excursion: 4 days and 3 nights (classic tour)
- Frequency: Every day.
- Includes: Transportation by bus until the beginning of the trekking.
- Accommodation in double tents.
- All the food and all the dishes during the trekking.
- 03 breakfasts, 03 lunches, 03 dinners.
- Kitchen, dining room and bathroom tents.
- Official guide of tourism.
- Entrance ticket to the citadel
- Ticket of descent of ruins to station.
- Ticket of return in train to the City of Cusco.
- Transfer train station / hotel
INFORMATION ABOUT CANOEING IN THE SACRED RIVER (URUBAMBA) AND FOR EXPERTS IN THE APURIMAC RIVER
It is catalogued as Adventure Tourism, which takes place in the beautiful Urubamba River that crosses the entire length of the canyon of the Sacred Valley of the Inkas: Huambutío San Salvador, Pisaq, Coya, Lamay, Calca, Yucay, Urubamba, Ollantaytambo Chilca and Machupicchu.
The Rafting in the Urubamba River or Vilcanota of the Sacred Valley of the Inkas, offers three sections, each one of them is carried out in one day, being able to join for itineraries of two and three days. The sections are the following ones:
1.- Huambutio – Pisaq, 2.- Pachar – Ollantaytambo Chilca and 3.- Boca de sapo and the Huarán rapids.
Considered the most popular and easiest section to do, it does not require previous experience or any special physical aptitude, nor any specialized equipment, as long as this river is crossed from May to September. The rapids are short and of little technical difficulty. This does not mean that they are unattractive.
3.- This section offers more adventure and more rapids are crossed than in the first section. In general the route is more varied and with faster water. It is faster, but it does not offer significant risk.
This is the most exciting section of Urubamba, located an hour and a half from the Imperial City. The route means pure adrenaline and large torrents. Some experience is necessary and there is no considerable risk, but the tour can only be done in the dry season, from June to September. This sector of the river is really of medium difficulty, but of high technical level, for the quality of maneuvers that can make the fans. Kayaking is also practiced in this place (a small boat with capacity for only one person), which due to its size and weight allows crossing rapids with higher degrees of difficulty and perform maneuvers that would be impossible on a normal raft.
Those interested in the practice of professional canoeing with greater difficulties than those described in the preceding points also have their option (all this practice is done on the river Apurimac) for it there are some specialized agencies and the prices in them depend on the number of days, participants and difficulties requested the recommended are Eric Adventures and Mayuc.
- Duration of the excursion: 8 hours
- Frequency: Every day.
- Includes : – Transportation in private bus round trip.
- – 1 lunch (salads, hot and cold drinks)
- – Expert guide boat captain.
- – Rubber boat, oars, life jacket, helmet and raincoat.
- Useful tips: – swimwear.
- – Shorts and thin trousers.
- – Insect repellent.
- – Sunscreen.
- – Towel.
- – A set of dry clothes, including footwear for the return.
APURIMAC RIVER VALLEY AND CANYON (EXPERT CANOEING)
Impressive natural scenery 140 km (2.5h) from Cusco, by asphalted road (towards Abancay). Accessible from the Saywite pass in the district of Cachora (45 km from Abancay / 3,600 masl), this natural phenomenon of majestic surroundings and surrounded by the Salcantay mountain range is considered one of the deepest and most beautiful in the world, presenting enormous rocks and exuberant vegetation.
A favorite destination for trekking and canoeing enthusiasts, the Apurimac features unique and incomparable rapids, waterfalls with Class V technical difficulty and is considered one of the widest and most complete rivers.
In its near surroundings are the thermo-medicinal baths of Cconoc. The archaeological site of Choqekiraw “cradle of gold”, last bastion of the Incas.
For nature lovers, the canyon offers a series of viewpoints or watchtowers that allow you to contemplate the impressive landscape of the region, such as Cóndor Huachana, San Cristóbal, Capitán Rumi, Taramocco, Capulíoc, Kiuñalla, Cachicuna, Huascatay, among others.
Another of the riches worth visiting are the bridges that, at different times, the men of the region have built in order to overcome the impasses of nature with admirable structures, some for their simplicity and others for their dimensions, as if defying the roaring river.
INFORMATION ABOUT THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK OF PIKILLACTA
Located 33 kms. south of Cusco, a short distance from the beautiful lagoon of Huacarpay.
PIKILLACTA – It presents characteristics of a great urban center corresponding to the time of development of the Wari Empire; with more than a thousand constructions between squares, qolpas or deposits of food, courts or houses, temples, long and narrow streets, with buildings that had up to four floors of high.
ANDAHUAYLILLAS – Typical Andean village from the time of the colony, of singular origin and architecture. It stands out its Catholic temple of the colonial epoch with profuse decoration and mural painting of the XVII and XVIII century. This church is called the Sistine of America.
TOURIST INFORMATION ABOUT MARAS MORAY and SALINERAS
The picturesque town of Maras, a multicolored whim of nature, houses the most important salt mines in the region being exploited since the Inca and viceroyalty period, where it was the first center of salt production in the southern part of the mountains.
This friendly city is located 46 km. from the city of Cusco, in the province of Urubamba, and still retains much of its beautiful colonial architecture. There are extraordinary doorways with fine carved stone, as well as lintels with sculptures in low relief.
Moray is a formidable archeological complex, formed by admirable systems of terraces, of enormous terraces that are superimposed concentrically, taking the form of a gigantic amphitheater. These beautiful terraces formed a great agricultural laboratory, in which the ancient Peruvians experimented and obtained improvements. Incredible advances were achieved in agriculture, which constituted its main labor activity and the base of its economic development.
The brilliant and daring conception of its Inca constructions had no limits for the ancient Peruvians. Throughout the world, men generally built from the ground up. In Moray they worked downwards, removing extraordinary quantities of rock and stones, and employing thousands of workers for several generations, to give shape to several groupings of platforms in almost perfect circular form. Its perfection was such that to this day it works impeccably.
This tour begins with the pick up of the passengers from the hotel to direct them in a private bus through a paved road to these two places accompanied by an official tourist guide (optional), where after a visit of approximately two hours we return to the city of Cusco.
- Duration of the excursion: 8 hours
- Frequency: Every day.
- Includes: – Transportation in private bus
- – Official tourism guide.
- – Income.
- – Picnic.
- Useful tips: – Camera and / or photographic camera
- – Light clothing and comfortable shoes
- Price to consult with the operator.