What to Wear to do Rafting in Urubamba with Mayuc

What to wear for White Water Rafting in Urubamba

Rafting is a sport activity that consists of descending rivers on a boat. This sport has become popular in recent years in Cusco, becoming a recreational activity for the whole family. Do you know what to wear for rafting? In this article of an As we tell you.

Cusco Rafting Trips

1.- The essential ones for rafting are a helmet, to protect you from possible falls during the rapids, and a life jacket. These two basic elements are provided by the company with which you hire the activity as a general rule. Never start the activity if you are not equipped with a helmet and a lifejacket according to your weight and height.

Peru Rafting

2.- Clothing will vary depending on the season in which you perform the activity. In summer it will be enough to wear a comfortable cotton t-shirt and shorts or swimsuit. In winter, the low temperatures of the river will make you need a neoprene and waterproof gloves.

3.- When it comes to rafting footwear, it is important to wear shoes with rubber soles that allow adhesion to wet surfaces. Never wear sandals or flip-flops, as you could injure yourself with rocks in case of a possible fall into the water.

What is the best time of year to practice rafting in Cusco?

What is the best time of year to practice rafting in Cusco?

Rafting in Urubamba – Cusco is an incredible recreational and sports activity most important of this locality situated in the province of Cusco, south of Cusco, in Peru. It is practically an icon representative of this tourist place within the local tourism panorama. Are you ready to know more about this adventure sport near Cusco?

Peru Rafting Trips

And the attraction of experiencing adventure in the rough waters of the Urubamba River, makes it possible that year after year thousands of local and foreign visitors come to the place to challenge nature.

In this new article we will inform you everything you need to know to explore this place at the best time of year, so that the experience is the best for you and your companions.

What month to do Rafting in Urubamba – Cusco?

In order to achieve the best performance of the disciplines of rafting or canoeing, the climate is a factor that plays an important role.

Certified tour guides who know this town in the province of Cusco, are well aware that throughout the year it is possible to enjoy this unforgettable natural experience.

It is necessary to take into account these data, because in themselves favor the proper implementation of this type of adventure tourism. Also during the months between April and November the fluvial conditions allow to enjoy a reduced and calm flow, perfectly suitable for the accomplishment of the canoeing of type II and III.

That is to say, it is particularly characterized for presenting a modality of calm execution and permanently associated with the movement on white and shallow waters.

Between December and March the level of the river rises to III and III+. This does not take away the much security that our company offers to him in all its route; the river continues being very amusing and quite sure, We are a company with more than 40 years in the market that will offer him the most unforgettable experience.

Urubamba Rafting 2 Days
Urubamba Rafting 2 Days

Peru Rafting

5 Tips to do White Water Rafting in Peru

Five Tips to do White Water Rafting in Peru

White Water Rafting in Perú is one of the most practiced adventure sports in Peru, as there are many great locations (Like Urubamba River Rafting), full of beautiful landscapes, to do this sport in our territory. But there are some tips you should follow to optimize and avoid discomfort in your experience:

Peru Rafting Trips

1. The Guide is important, always heed his instructions and do not let yourself be blinded by adrenaline, be rational when listening to his recommendations and instructions to ensure your safety. Ask the necessary questions.

2. Check if there are rescue ropes, air pumps, first aid kit, among other items necessary to ensure your safety.

Never take off your helmet, unexpected accidents are more frequent than you think. Also think about the vest.

Urubamba Rafting
Urubamba Rafting

4. It is not recommended for pregnant women or people with heart problems. It is recommended that children under the age of 10 do not attend.

5. Stay stable, as balance will be your perfect ally. You should not leave until you feel that you are “well seated” and stabilized.

Peru Rafting

What to Take to Inca Trails in Cusco and Recommendations

Machu Picchu

Will you be doing some of the Inca Trail Tours with Mayuc?, don’t forget these recommendations

One of the favorite activities of tourists who come to the city of Cusco, is to make the walk to Machu Picchu, by the Inca Trail. This walk puts you in contact with nature, between the eyebrow of jungle, mountain and forest, so it implies that you must take with you, different elements, so the Inca Trail Machu Picchu gives the following scope.

These recommendations apply to other tours that require physical demands, such as the Salkantay Trek, the Lares Trek  and any Trek you find on our website. By hiring our tours you will not need to carry these implements on your back as we will carry them for you. And you will only take the essentials to enjoy our tours to the maximum.

inca trail to machu picchu
inca trail to machu picchu

How much Baggage to carry?

Long before your trip, make a test luggage, to know if you are within the weight, target of 5 Kilos as a limit, depending on the duration of the Inca Trail. Consult the list, but leave your mountain boots aside as you will either wear them or carry them in your backpack. Pack your backpack with fragile items (flashlights, sunglasses, camera) and any medicine you may need, as well as your passport, vaccination record and other valuables. Be very careful when packing and organizing everything: transparent polyethylene bags with airtight closures are good for keeping things small, they are very practical.

You must leave excess equipment before leaving for the Inca Trail, this may include: toiletries and extra clothing. You are allowed to carry 20 kilos on international flights, but on the Inca Trail the weight of luggage must be a maximum of 5 kilos.

Attack Backpack

Your backpack should store at least 15 to 20 liters to store enough water and spare clothing. It is recommended to have a raincoat to cover the backpack or use a garbage bag inside. Check that the backpack complies with the following characteristics:

  • Be comfortable to carry (try it with a heavy load in the store).
  • Have a chest strap and a waist strap, these will allow you to distribute the weight.
  • Be easy to put on and take off.
  • Have side pockets for small objects.
  • Have loops and straps to store polo shirts.

If you have additional luggage (sleeping, tents, etc). You can hire an extra porter, this implies an additional cost over the cost of the Inca Trail Machu Picchu tour.

What to wear to the Inca Trails?

It is important to consider that the temperature during the hike is very cold at night and during the day, the sun is intense. For this reason, you should take into account the following tips when deciding which clothes to wear during the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu:

First, it is important to consider your comfort, wearing loose pants and preferably long. On the other hand, wear several layers of clothing to control body temperature. The base should be some fabric garment such as polyester, then you can wear a warm garment and a feather jacket. Do not forget gloves, head protection, both in cold and heat.

When choosing your clothes for the Inca Trail, keep in mind that you must keep your body dry and at the same time warm. To do this, consider the following:

Three layers of clothes:

  • First: A garment for the body, made of a material that allows sweat to pass through, not cotton.
  • Second: Warm clothing, breathable (wool is very good or fleece).
  • Third: Protective clothing, raincoats; if there is no rain, the windbreaks.

It’s a good idea to wear a light t-shirt, as there are hot and sunny days. But if you have sensitive skin, it’s a good idea to wear a light-colored long-sleeved shirt.

It’s also a good idea to wear a rain jacket and poncho, as it often rains (umbrellas are not recommended as you need to have your hands free).

Wearing a sunscreen is also a good idea. Your backpack should preferably have a sleeping bag strap, and be large enough to carry extra clothes, water, or other things you need to carry, but it is recommended that they not be too heavy.

You should bring a (small) towel as well. During the first 2 nights of the walk, there are only cold showers, but hot showers are available on the third day.

Peru Inca Trails Tours
Peru Inca Trails Tours

Make sure you have a good sleeping bag. The sleeping bag should be prepared for temperatures as low as -10 Celsius, as the Inca Trail is often very cold at night.

It is a good idea to carry a personal first aid kit. One of the most common problems on the Inca Trail is altitude sickness, so your equipment should include medication for altitude sickness. It is also a good idea to bring medicine for stomach problems. It is also advisable to bring some bandages for some wounds that may occur.

You will also need to bring soap, toothbrush, toothpaste and toilet paper. Insect repellent is recommended.

It is recommended to carry a flashlight that does not require a hand hold, as you may need your hands to help you walk or climb, or to take pictures.

Last but not least, money is needed, which should be in Soles in small denominations. You will be able to buy water on the way, and you will need money for meals that are not included in the Inca Trail package.

Use of Trekking Poles:

In long treks with steep trails and stairs, it is highly recommended, the use of poles, improve balance and reduce stress on the knees. For the Inca Trail it is necessary that these poles have a rubber tip to protect the Trail.

Footwear

You must have closed shoes that allow the mobility of your toes inside the shoe and have good transpiration, with a thick, non-slip sole.

When buying good walking boots, keep in mind that your feet swell, so it should be one size larger than your usual size.

Finally, it is advisable to put on special insoles and to use suitable socks preferably of micro fiber or wool.

To say you need good hiking shoes is obvious. However, you almost always end up with injuries and discomfort to your feet as a result of wearing the wrong pair of shoes.

Here are some tips to prevent you from having problems:

  • Consider the terrain on which you are going to walk – Non-slip sole.
  • Keep in mind that you will be climbing earrings – shoes with high cane, for the grip and support of your joints.
  • The climate is varied – look for waterproof shoes.

Trekking sticks

This is an element of great help, for hikes on mountain trails, especially in steep places, where one can slip. On the Inca Trail, it is essential that they have a rubber tip to protect the trail. The use of these poles, improve balance reduce stress and tension on the knees, a pair is better for an efficient balance, but some people prefer to have a free hand.

Although the Inca Trail Regulations prohibit metal sticks, if the tips are properly protected with rubber tips, you will be allowed to use them. The alternative of buying wooden sticks in the towns near the starting point of the Inca Trail is not recommended as this leads to the felling of trees in the area and loss of habitats.

Additional Essential Items to Go Personal documents

To be able to enter the route, you have to carry the document with which the reservation was generated. In the case of Peruvians their DNI, and for foreigners their identity card or passport as the case may be.

Camera and binoculars

The Short Inca Trail route offers dazzling landscapes that will remain in your memory thanks to a camera. But you can share your trip with friends and family with some impressive photos. Don’t forget the binoculars too! With a little patience you will be able to see exotic birds and other unique details.

Personal Items

Don’t forget to bring insect repellent and sunscreen for the midday sun. Personal medications must also be included in the list of what to carry in your backpack.

Do you want to keep a special souvenir of your trip? You can bring a travel diary for the Short Inca Trail.

Repellent

Mosquitoes can be a problem for an unsuspecting traveler, but for a traveler who does pack, a repellent of at least 40% DEET is the best solution. We also recommend that you wear long-sleeved clothing and long legs to avoid bites.

Extra items to carry

And finally do not forget the additional items: a small towel, gloves in case of sensitivity to cold, and optionally a pair of sandals to be able to walk in the low jungle area.

Health Recommendations for the Inca Trail

The best thing is to arrive at least 2 days before the trek so that your body gets used to work properly at altitude. Rest at least 1 hour at your hotel upon arrival, walk slowly and do not hesitate to take a taxi even if the journey is short.

We recommend drinking infusions of coca leaves (mate de coca) upon arrival in Cusco. All public places and hotels offer it and some hotels give it free to their customers.

  • If you are a smoker, try to reduce your use as much as possible.
  • Eat light, without excess fat or heavy meals for digestion.
  • Although water is drinkable in almost all of Peru, its chemical and bacteriological composition changes depending on the place. To avoid problems, we recommend drinking bottled water.
  • During the Trek, walk slowly on the first day and avoid unnecessary effort.
  • Drink enough during the walks.
  • Do not hesitate to stop and rest if you feel a lack of oxygen.
  • Let your guide know if you have any discomfort; he is trained and will be able to help you or take the necessary measures.

What to pack?

The list below is divided into the essential and the desirable. Experienced walkers may not agree that it belongs to each category, but others may find this classification very helpful. You won’t have access to your main luggage bag, so take everything you need for each day in your backpack: ampoule protector, water purifier and medicines.

Essential for the Inca Trail

  • Good hiking shoes.
  • Enough stockings to walk.
  • Many layers of suitable clothing, including thermal underwear.
  • Hats and/or ski masks to protect against sun and wind.
  • Sun protection for eyes and face (sunglasses, high SPF sun block).
  • Gloves, glove linings and/or hot mittens.
  • Waterproof jacket and trousers.
  • Tablets or drops to purify the water.
  • Toilet paper.
  • Wet towels and cleaning bags for cleaning the skin and teeth.
  • Pocket flashlights, with spare batteries.
  • Sleeping bag.
  • Extra money, for the tips of the guides, cooks and porters.
  • Digital Camera, GoPro Recommended

Optional on the Inca Trail

  • Trekking sticks with rubber tips.
  • Light and resistant camera, remember to take spare batteries.
  • Waterproof layer for the backpack.
  • Appetizers, snacks and candies for the throat.
  • Thermal coating for the sleeping bag.
  • Earplugs.
  • Spare shoes.
  • Paper and pencil, card game or books.
  • Map or a guide book for the Inca Trail. (in our trips you dont need this item)

Vinicunca: New Route to Vinicunca – Rainbow Mountain

Vinicunca: New Route to Vinicunca – Rainbow Mountain

Vinicunca: Cusco implements new access route to the mountain

National and foreign tourists are already using a new access route to the Vinicunca mountain, which revalues and preserves an impressive ecosystem, the road is part of the project implemented by the Municipality District of Cusipata, province of Quispicanchi and the Minam+CAF program.

This new route to Vinicunca, which will directly benefit the community of Chillihuani, allows the recovery of a tourist ecosystem, which was co-financed with about 700,000 soles by the Minam+CAF program of the Ministry of Environment, amounting to 45 percent.

The project is called “Recovery of the ecosystem with ecotourism potential and scenic beauty of the ecosystem of the Llaqto sector,” said the mayor of Cusipata, Serapio Llanos Taco, who added that this route will allow a greater influx of tourists to the area for the next two years. “We have to be prepared,” he said.

The municipal authority indicated that last May was the official launch of the route to the mountain Vinicunca by the district of Cusipata (as it shares the attraction with the province of Canchis), and stressed that it is “the second most visited place in Cusco, after Machu Picchu.

Details of the route

During the visit to the site, the Deputy Infrastructure Manager of Cusipata, Miguel Angel Hinojosa, explained that as part of the work has been implemented the road and pedestrian path to the mountain Vinicunca, as well as the construction of a viewpoint and an interpretation center, which will be a space for socio-cultural exchange between the community and visitors in the area.

This new tourist route, which is used to reach the mountain in less time Vinicunca will dynamize, the entire economy of the area. “We are benefiting from tourists. Before there was nothing, now we have things. We can educate our children with the resources we get,” said Walter Choque, economic secretary of the Chillihuani community.

On the way to Vinicunca, tourists can also visit the new handicraft center of Ccori Ttika Pallay, located in Chillihuani, which was developed as part of the Minam+CAF program’s strategy to generate sustainable economic opportunities by making responsible use of the area’s natural resources and biodiversity.

Rosendo Baca Palomino, director of the Regional Directorate of Foreign Trade and Tourism (Dircetur), said that 600 tourists visit the Vinicunca mountain daily along this route.

In this regard, Miguel Angel Hinojosa said that “what is projected is to reach 1,000 tourists per day, and to achieve this will intensify the promotion of this tourist site until before the end of the year.

Information VINICUNCA – Rainbow Mountain Cusco Peru

The mountain of the 7 Colors (also called Vinicunca or simply ‘rainbow’) is one of Peru’s new and best attractions. Located more than 100 kilometers from the city of Cusco, on an altitudinal summit located at 5,200 meters above sea level (m.a.s.l.) It is a mountainous formation tinged with various shades resulting from the complex combination of minerals. The slopes and summit are tinted in various shades including red, purple, green, yellow, pink and other variations. This tourist attraction was surrounded by ice not many years ago. Since 2016, this place receives hundreds of visitors a day becoming, along with Machu Picchu, one of the most visited places in Cusco-Peru. Below is all the information about the Mountain of 7 Colors.

Its name comes from two Quechua voices: “Wini”, for the rounded and heavy black stones that abound in the area, which were called “wini rumi” (stone). The second is “Kunka” which means neck, because the narrowness of the hill resembles a neck of passage. Initially, the muleteers of the altiplano and the settlers knew it as “Qolla Ñan” or “camino de los Qollas”.

We leave from the city of Cusco and pass through the towns of Andahuaylillas, Quiquijana and Checacupe. This last town conserves a very interesting Inca bridge and in its church there are kept pictures of the Cusco school, especially of one of its maximum representatives: Diego Quispe Tito. Unfortunately, the temple is not always open to the public.

Location, height and more information:

Why is it called Mountain of 7 Colors? – According to various investigations made in the place, the multicolored tonalities are due to the different minerals that covers in capable the area. These natural substances began to form 65 million years ago when water and rain covered its slopes and peaks. With the passing of time, the extreme weather melted the snow that was formed there, revealing to the world what is today one of the most important tourist attractions in Cusco.

Location and altitude – This amazing place is located in the Andes of Peru, in the department of Cusco and province of Canchis, at 5,200 m.a.s.l., an area of considerable elevation. It belongs to the town of Pitumarca who call it the ‘Cerro Colorado’. Because it is situated on the way to the imposing Ausangate, this site was known long before by the adventurers who dared to make the walk. The photos that they published in Facebook and Instagram, made it gain popularity. Since 2016 it has been a popular tourist attraction.

How to get there? – Due to its location, a little more than 100 kilometers from the city of Cuzco, this place is reached by car in the first instance. After a journey of approximately 2 hours along the Longitudinal Highway of the Sierra del Sur Peruano, Pitumarca is reached. The journey continues along a trail to the community of Pampa Chiri. From there we follow a route through mountainous slopes. This route is 5 kilometers long and can be done on foot or on horseback to finally arrive at Vinicunca. There are tours that offer this service.

Climate – The climate, typical of the highest areas of Cusco, is cold. Rain, wind and altitude sickness (or soroche) can be the biggest obstacles for travelers. Temperatures can drop as low as zero degrees Celsius. The best time to do this adventure is during the dry season (April to October) when river rainfall is least likely. If you plan to visit during the rainy season (November to March), bring a rain poncho with you.

Flora and fauna – The incredible geography of the place is scenery of typical animals of high Andean zones like llamas, alpacas and vicuñas. The inhabitants of the area breed horses in order to offer them as transportation to the visitors. Due to the altitude of this region, there is an abundance of ichu or natural herbs from the Andes.

Journey to the Mountain of 7 Colors

7 Colors Mountain Tour – This picturesque summit used to be an attractive way to the 4-day Ausangate. Over the years, this mountain gained popularity on its own. Today, the most widespread way to visit this summit is through a tour. There are 1-day and 2-day services. Most include transportation, food, entrance fees and professional guide. In the city of Cuzco there are many tourist agencies offering these services.

Travel on your own? – It is also possible to visit ‘Cerro Colorado’ on your own. To do this, the visitor must take a bus to Sicuani from the city of Cuzco (2 hours and 40 minutes away). Once there, take a bus to the town of Quesiuno. Then begins a walk (you can also hire a horse transport) to the Mountain of 7 Colors. The price of the entrance ticket is 10 soles.

Mountain difficulty – The walk of 3 or 4 hours (depending on the physical condition of the tourist) is not dangerous and demands a moderate-high physical effort. There are sections of considerable slopes in ascent and descent. However, one of the greatest difficulties is the cold weather and the icy wind. The altitude of the area can cause altitude sickness or soroche. It is recommended a previous acclimatization of 1 or 2 days in the city of Cusco.

Recommendations – Spend one or two days acclimatizing in the city of Cusco. Bring warm clothes for the walk. If you are not in good physical condition for the trek, rent a horse to one of the inhabitants of the place. On that day, don’t forget a hat or cap, sun block, jacket, trousers, ideal trekking shoes and a rain poncho.

How was the Mountain of 7 Colors formed in Cusco?

Origin of the Mountain of 7 Colors

Undoubtedly this is a question that many would like to clarify, thanks to the great consultation of our travelers we decided to conduct research to keep them much more informed:

In order to be able to understand how the colorful mountain was formed we must first understand how the mountains are formed for this we resort to geology and orogeny and thus have a much clearer idea and of course scientific.

The mountain ranges of the hand of their mountains are formed by collisions or collisions of different tectonic plates as these can not advance horizontally to impact do so vertically forming mountain ranges and mountains and other geographical features, but this formation not only intervene endogenous agents such as these collisions, but also exogenous as the vast majority of meteorological phenomena (rain, hail, snow, winds) these make the mountains remain with time and have their particular pyramidal shape.

But the formation of Vinicunca is much older than we think.

For this we go back in time and we will go back approximately 24 million years, at that time, different layers of rock sediments such as sandstone, halites, gravel, limestone ranging from ochre, green, yellow and white along with other minerals, were compacting one on top of another to form different layers as masses of plasticine, one on top of another according to the weight of each layer, the heaviest at the bottom and the others on top of them.

“Don’t stay without enjoying this marvel, reserve the 7 Colors Mountain Tour”.

As time went by with the movement and shock of the tectonic plates, new mountains were born, as we explained previously, these pressed masses of colors were raised while maintaining these typical colors.

However, the meteorological factors were in charge of preserving them and above all to maintain it in total splendor and to respect of course their typical colors equitably.

And not only that, it also influences the altitude since this place is approximately to 5000 m.a.s.l. makes that the vegetation is scarce to such a point of not growing almost nothing, if vegetation existed this great colorful marvel could not be visible.

Then we add to this that not only endogenous and exogenous factors intervene, but also geographical factors such as altitude.

All this is a set of curious mixtures typical of our nature because only nature could give us curious landscapes that often escape our own imagination.

Impacting more than a thousand tourists is at their disposal the visit of the famous: “Mountain Of The 7 Colors”, do not forget that “The adventure awaits us. What are you waiting for?

Climbing on foot

After three hours by car or tourist bus we arrive at Pitumarca, where the community of Qheshiuno is located, the starting point of the walk.

The ascent on foot takes approximately one hour, until arriving at a horse station where the muleteers are always ready to help with the ascent. The price for the service oscillates between 70 and 90 soles per round trip or half if you want only one stretch.

The horses take us to a certain point on the climb. Then we have to walk up to the top, at 5,200 meters above sea level, where there is a viewpoint. From there we can observe in all its splendor the mountains in a 360 degree view. They are the domains of the great Apu Ausangate.

In addition to the Ausangate mountain, in this landscape complex we can also contemplate the Vinicunca mountain, Siete Colores, Cerro Colorado or Arco Iris, named after its resemblance to the colors of the rainbow.

Singular Composition

At the request of the community of Pitumarca, the Cultural Landscape office of the Direccion Desconcentrada de Cultura Cusco, prepared a study to obtain technical information about this mountain and offer it to tourists.

The report revealed that the colors of the mountain are due to the mineralogical composition it has: the pink color is by the red clay, fangolitas (mud) and arilitas (sand). The whitish, by the white quartz sandstone. The browns, browns and purples, by limonites and loams, rich in calcium carbonate.

Red is made up of clayites (iron) and clays belonging to the upper tertiary. Green is due to the compound of phyllites and clays rich in ferro-magnesium. The earthy brown is a product of the fanglomerate composed of rock with manganese belonging to the quaternary era. And mustard yellow is the result of calcareous sandstones rich in sulphurous minerals.

All these colors are a wonder of nature product of geological formations. At the same time it is a magical spiritual place, surely admired as a sacred place by local people.

We observed that part of the Vinicunca mountain had a line of snow on it. The villagers tell us that these great hills were snowed in past decades. This would explain why they are only known now. Global warming has discovered them.

The route we traveled was launched recently, in April of this year, and the tourist’s welcome has been immediate. Today it is very well priced by the various Cusco tourism agencies.

All the way is very interesting. We go through immense pre-Inca platforms and during the trip we observe herds of alpacas, llamas and vicuñas in the heights. According to the study carried out by the anthropologist Rolly Gilmar Alcázar Holguín, foxes, skunks, huallatas, partridges, deer, vizcachas, condors and osqollos or wild cats can also be found in these places.

The communities of Pitumarca and Pampachiri are in charge of watching over the care of this route. The municipality of Pitumarca charges 10 soles to enter the mountains per person. The sum allows them to pay for the maintenance of the place and the silos. They have organized to rent their horses to tourists and provide a guide and accompaniment service for those who wish to camp.

In spite of the fact that around 600 tourists arrive daily, there are no prevention or visitor care measures. It is easy to get lost because the road is not yet signposted, even more so at night.

It is essential for the community to organize itself better, implement for example a register of visitors, and check if everyone returns from the ride. (Teodosio Huancachoque, mayor of Pitumarca, is making the procedure for the Cerro Colorado or Montaña Vinicunca to be declared a “Landscape Reserve”).

Despite the lack of conditions, the area is ideal for an overnight stay, because the entire route is clean. But if it is not taken care of and with the increase in visitors, the place is in danger.

The State should be present and constantly train the community’s inhabitants, not only to take care of the land but also to prevent them from selling it. And regarding mining, there has already been concern and fear that at some point will develop, hopefully the communities maintain their desire to develop tourism instead of mining.

One of the millenary traditions is to make an offering to the mountain. We carry some coca leaves and with faith and respect, we deliver them to the apu Ausangate. A “coca-quinto” in gratitude for such a wonderful landscape and for allowing us to return safely to Cusco. There we leave our offering with the assurance that we will soon return.

Information about the Weather in Cusco

Weather in Cusco

Cusco is located in the central and south-eastern part of Peru. It occupies a large part of the Vilcanota orographic knot. Its diversity and abrupt changes in landscape and ecosystems are mainly associated with the Andes Mountains.

In political-administrative terms, the department of Cusco is conformed by 13 provinces: Acomayo, Anta, Calca, Canas, Canchis, Cusco, Chumbivilcas, Espinar, La Convención, Paruro, Paucartambo, Quispicanchi and Urubamba. According to the 2007 National Census, the population is 1’171,403 inhabitants, of which 55% live in the urban sector and 45% in the rural sector. The territory has an area of 71986.5 Km2 and the population density is 16.3 hab/Km2 (INEI – CPV2007).

Cusco borders on the north with the jungles of Junín and Ucayali; on the west with the jungle of Ayacucho and the mountain range of Apurímac; on the south with the highlands of Arequipa and Puno; and on the east with the great Amazon plain of Madre de Dios.

The city of Cusco, formed by the districts of Wanchaq, Cusco, San Jerónimo, San Sebastián and Santiago, is at an altitude of 3399 meters above sea level. Its geographical location is as follows: Latitude south: 13°30’45”, longitude west: 71°58’33” (INEI – Compendio estadístico departamental 1995 – 1996)

The territories of Cusco are under the macro-climatic influence of large masses of air from the southeastern jungle, the Altiplano, and even the distant region of Patagonia. The winds of the southern jungle involve immense masses of air loaded with humidity, which are driven by the trade winds from the east.

The winds coming from the Peruvian-Bolivian Altiplano are rather cold and dry, as are those coming from Patagonia. These enter through the south-eastern zone.
On the other hand, the local winds generated in the valleys and plains of Cusco have the function of distributing heat and humidity throughout the day.

In general, two climatic seasons are distinguished: the rainy season, from November to March and the dry season, from April to October.

Types of weather in Cusco

Warm climates (humid and dry)

Humid:

They correspond to the lowland jungle areas, both to the north, in the lower Urubamba, and to the east of the region, at the entrance to the valleys of Pillcopata and Araza.

  • – Rainfall: More than 1000 mm per year
  • – Temperatures: Maximum: Around 30°C
  • – Medium: Between 23° and 25°C
  • – Minimum: around 20°C

Dry:

The hot and dry climates, on the other hand, occur in the low yungas that appear, in the form of canyons, in the Apurímac river basin, in the center and southwest of the region.

  • – Rainfall: Less than 500 mm per year
  • – Temperatures: Maximum: Up to 32°C
  • – Medium: Between 17° and 18°C
  • – Minimum: Up to 4.4°C

Temperate (wet and dry)

Climates of the inter-Andean valleys that dominate the central zone of the Cusco territory, where the difference in humidity is marked by the location on the slope. That is to say, the proximity to the east implies more humidity, while the proximity to the west implies greater dryness. The zones of temperate climate are of vital importance for the settlement of the populations.

  • – Temperatures: Maximum: Up to 29°.
  • – Medium: Between 11° and 16°.
  • – Minimum: Between 7° and -4°.

Cold (wet and dry)

They occur mainly in the highlands of the valleys, in the punas and in the regions surrounding the glaciers; that is, in areas above 3800 meters above sea level.

  • – Temperatures: Maximum: Up to 10°.
  • – Medium: Varies according to altitude
  • – Minimum: Under 0°.

Other alternative activities you can do in Cusco

You can also indulge in a wide range of activities in the area, such as trekking, mountain biking, trail bikes, canoeing on inflatable rafts and cayacs, 4×4 vehicle adventures, paragliding or hang gliding, freefall jumps (the highest in Latin America) and, for those who prefer activities with less physical exercise, there are fishing and horseback riding.

River and Lake Fishing

There are many ideal places in the Sacred Valley and Puno for these activities, check with the information service provided by the hotel.

Horseback Excursions

The surrounding area of Cusco presents exceptional scenery for horseback riding, there are also these excursions aimed at more remote places Trips to the archaeological park area include Sacsayhuaman, Quenko and other important places, up to the district of Corao. The Sacred Valley is also an ideal place to ride.

Excursions are available during the day.

Contact the hotel reception if you would like this type of excursion.

Mysticism

Peruvian healers remember their ancestral knowledge to heal patients in mystical ceremonies that are a mixture of traditional medicine and religion, in which they use Andean medicinal plants.

Learning to Weave

Contemporary Andean weavers are the heirs to a rich textile repertoire dating back thousands of years. Today’s hand weaving workshops use the same ancient techniques of the Inca era.

Archaeology

The pre-Inca and Inca cultures of Peru created the most stupendous works of art of their time, to which are added the monuments that were considered patrimony of Humanity. Visit the best archeological museums in Peru, where you will be able to see the detailed processes of its creation as well as its later discovery.

Ecotourism

Visit some of Peru’s best ecotourism destinations in the areas considered with the American name of “pristine rainforests” of Puerto Maldonado or the canopy walker near Iquitos.

Agriculture

Agricultural programs can be put in order, for specialized groups interested in the different variety of products exported to other countries, such as cotton, asparagus, mangoes, lucuma, etc.,

Birdwatching (Birdwatching)

Due to its tropical situation and its large number of ecosystems, Peru is a birdwatcher’s paradise. There are specialized and personalized tours.

Botany

Approximately 35,000 plant species exist in Peruvian territory; over 20,000 have been identified and the rest are endemic.

Nights in Cusco

A hectic and modern nightlife only arrived in Cusco with tourists. For them, towards the middle of the seventies, the first places were opened: the Abraxas and the Hatuchay, both in the Plaza de Armas.

After a short time, the Cusco people themselves, with their imagination enlivened by the stories that ran from mouth to mouth, were encouraged to face the night cold that kept them cloistered in their homes and they discovered that, at night, it is easier for people to get closer to each other, overcoming social, cultural and even idiomatic barriers.

We can affirm then, that, to its many attractions, Cusco has added that of an intense, feverish and cosmopolitan nightlife with an original Andean touch. Enjoying its charms is one more way to get to know the Imperial City and get to know its spirit. The lines that follow are a key to open the doors to this world.

Music and Dance

A good way to start a night in Cusco is to appreciate the unique richness and variety of the folklore of this region, both in their musical expressions and in their dances. The traveler will have to choose between the theaters of some institutions that cultivate folkloric art, and a select number of restaurants that offer this type of shows.

A drink in the Sacred City

Being in Cusco and not enjoying its great urban beauty is a sin. This has been understood by businessmen who, in recent years, have been occupying one by one as much space as lent itself to opening a pub, bar or café in the houses surrounding the Plaza de Armas. Each second-floor window and each balcony has become a viewpoint to that great square that at night, with the Cathedral and the Company illuminated, acquires an even more subjugating charm.

The pubs

The ideal place to intone before continuing the night dancing are the pubs. Generally, they are open until one in the morning and offer happy hour (half price drinks) at times indicated at the entrance or at the bar.

Tecsecocha

Those who prefer a little more calm may choose to spend a few hours of the night in Tecsecocha, one of the few streets in Cusco that, with its cobbled streets and profusion of balconies on one side, preserves almost intact the harmony of the whole. A place of very different style awaits the visitor in this typical Cusco street: the couch bar Los Perros. Its magnet is its informal atmosphere, with sofas and armchairs arranged here and there where, whoever wishes, can even lie down to read a magazine or a book.

San Blas

Another recommended pascana is San Blas, an Inca neighborhood with a well-deserved reputation as one of the most beautiful in Cusco. If walking its streets at night can be tiring because of its steep streets, it is not a good idea to have a coffee or a drink in the places that are located behind the church. At Green’s, the parishioner will find a very intimate atmosphere thanks to the comfortable armchairs and sofas arranged around coffee tables. The attraction of the Aule, on the other hand, is its more youthful air and especially its attic, with cushions scattered around the floor around a low table, in which there are several books at the disposal of the visitor.

The discotheques

At the stroke of midnight, cafés and pubs are preparing to close their doors. It’s time to head for the disco-bars that, precisely from that time on, enter into an effervescence that can last until dawn.

Tourist Information About The Archaeological Complex Of Pisaq

This large archaeological complex is located in the district of Pisaq, province of Calca, 33 km. east of the city of Cusco.

Pisaq is formed by a group of enclosures that are possibly houses, aqueducts, roads, bridges, a cemetery, walls and large areas of enormous terraces.

The beauty of its walls, built with large stone blocks polished with extraordinary symmetry and unequaled handling of the stone leave the visitor perplexed.

At first astonishment is inevitable, then a sensation of deep respect for the creators of these centennial buildings, mute witnesses of the greatness of an empire.

“What must be admired more in Pisaq is the fineness of the carving and the perfect union of the stones, which without any mixture are well assembled, that hardly perceive the very fine straight lines, curved or broken, as if to demonstrate the difficulty of the cut and the expertise of the execution. From distance to distance there are doors, streets, stairs, towers, barracks and rooms; suspended at the top of the peaks and where the imagination of the most daring builder would hardly dare today or even conceive a building.

This tour begins with the pick up of the passengers of the hotel, then it is directed this by an asphalted highway, the visit begins with the conduction of an official guide of tourism, crossing the place approximately by two hours, and then it is returned to the city of Cusco.

Cusco Full Information

The city of the Cusco at the moment possesses great quantity of titles, that have attributed to him by its history, archaeology, anthropology and architecture of the city:

  • Cusco Cultural Patrimony of the Humanity
  • Cusco Archaeological Capital of America
  • Cusco Historical Capital of Peru
  • Cusco Navel of the World

DESCRIPTION:

Altitude: 3400 m.a.s.l.

Population of the province of Cusco: 305,789 inhabitants (estimated at 2002)

Location: Cusco. This one placed in the south zone of Peru embracing zones of mountain range and forest, has an extension of 76,329 square kilometers and its population surpasses the million inhabitants.

During the Viceroyalty, large mansions, imposing churches and convents were built on Inca foundations with a profusion of works of art inside.

The Hispanic-Andean Cultural fusion is manifested in Cusco in its maximum intensity, as much through its architecture as of its population, that conserves with pride its traditional customs. A wonderful natural environment joins all this. Visiting Cusco is therefore an unforgettable experience.

Between the great variety of the tourist resources that it possesses on leave those of landscaping cultural order, esoteric adventure and of diversion. Cusco has a good infrastructure in terms of leisure, with a large number of restaurants, pubs and discos that make the night Cusco is more attractive to tourists.

TOUR CUSCO PERU (CITY TOUR CUSCO)

There are daily excursions in the afternoons from 13:30 p.m. until 18:45 p.m. time in which the following sites are visited:

The Koricancha Temple: (At present, Temple of Santo Domingo or Temple of the Sun).

Important place in the time of the Incanato. It is built on its Inca walls The Church of Santo Domingo

Koricancha is an exceptional witness of the fusion of the Inca and western cultures, being one of the most important temples of the Tahuantinsuyu, its finely polished stone walls served as the foundation for the construction of the Santo Domingo Convent. The temple, whose sumptuous walls are said to have been covered with gold and silver leaf, was dedicated to the cult of the sun, sometimes housing images of Thunder and Wiracocha, deities brought from different regions and mummies of rulers. The worship inside the temple was restricted to the highest personalities of the time and even he came from far away representatives of non-Incan populations throughout the Empire to worship and pay tribute to the gods of the Tahuantinsuyu.

The Cathedral:

Built in the sixteenth century, has the Baroque style with a precious altar of seven tons of silver.

The Fortress of Sacsayhuamán:

It is a masterpiece of singular structure. This construction is attributed to the Incas of the last dynasties, it is located next to the Temple of San Cristóbal or Qolcampata, in the high part of the city. According to the chroniclers, it was a solar adoratory, others attribute to a place of defense of the city; the Spaniards were those who gave it the name of Fortress, for the formidable of its stone constructions is an imposing example of Inca military architecture, is located 2 km from the city of Cusco. This fortress was built with large blocks of granite to protect the city from the attacks of the invaders of the east or Antis. Sacsayhuaman (in Quechua, ‘satisfied hawk’) is formed by three large terraces superimposed in a zigzag shape and bordered by huge rock walls up to 300 m long. Because of its proximity and elevation with respect to Cusco and because of the dimensions of its stones – up to 5 m high and 350 tons of weight – it served as a quarry for certain buildings in colonial Cusco. It has 3 bastions superimposed one on top of the other, making note of the technique of the assembly of the stones. In the high part, there are foundations of what were three towers, being the most enigmatic the Muruy Marca and it is given several meanings, among them, water reservoir, related to astronomy. It occupies a quite large area, where we can find scattered groups of walls, aqueducts, thrones and others.

Qenqo:

Located one kilometer from Sacsayhuaman, on the asphalted road that goes to Pisaq; possibly it was a ceremonial center since it is appreciated in the central part a giant monolith, possibly of an animal, that was the main deity, surrounded by a singular wall with 19 niches, where offerings were placed.

In the lower part, there are other niches and an altar that was used to embalm bodies or perhaps for sacrifices dedicated to their gods.

Puca Pucara:

Also located on the same paved road. It could have been a resting place for the retinue that accompanied the Inca, when he was on his way to Tambomachay (Inca’s baths). Its construction is of rustic type conformed by alleys, houses, and patios. It also served as the house of the person who took care of the area.

Tambomachay:

It is located 9 km. from the city, known as the baths of the Inca for the shape of its water sources. It could also be a temple dedicated to the cult of the liquid element. It has three platforms with several niches, which can easily accommodate one person, at the service of the place.

If the passenger has an additional free day in Cusco, he can visit the following places:

In the museums is observed all the evidences found in the excavations carried out in the different archaeological centers, these visits have a duration of 2 to 3 hours, between which we emphasize like the most important ones:

CUSCO REGIONAL HISTORICAL MUSEUM.

HOUSE OF THE INCA GARCILASO DE LA VEGA IN CUSCO. (Free Admission)

In which we can appreciate:

  • Ceramics of pre-Inca cultures of Cusco.
  • Ceramics of pre-Inca cultures of Peru.
  • Ceramics, textiles, Inca architecture.
  • Colonial paintings.
  • Chapels bathed in gold leaf.
  • Balconies cusqueños (furniture).
  • Colonial and republican coins.
  • Tools for Inca agriculture, music and textiles.

MUSEUM OF SANTA CATALINA DEL CUSCO

Built on the old Aclla Wasi or House of the Virgins of the Sun

  • Carpets.
  • Colonial chasubles embroidered with gold and silver threads.
  • Altarpieces.
  • – Sculptures.
  • – Trunk (scene from the Bible of the Old and New Testament).
  • – Furniture.
  • – Colonial fresco paintings.
  • – Paintings of the Cusqueña school (syncretism of two cultures).
  • – Geometric figures in stone.

CUSCO RELIGIOUS MUSEUM

Built on the Palace of Inca Roca.

  • – Paintings of the Cusqueña School.
  • – Colonial furniture.
  • – Colonial chapels in their different styles.
  • – Decorated and carpeted rooms.
  • – The stone of the twelve angles.
  • – The street of the seven snakes, the old yachay wasi or house of knowledge.

CUSCO ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM

  • – Inca Architecture.
  • – Metallurgy.
  • – Textile industry.
  • – Trepanation of human skulls.
  • – Embalming of bodies.
  • – Idols of gold, silver, copper, turquoise, etc.
  • – Models of archaeological centers.
  • – Objects of ceremonial rites.

SAN BLAS NEIGHBORHOOD IN CUSCO

Only in the afternoons from 14:00 hours, every day.

San Blas, with its climbing streets has monopolized almost all the popular artists of Cusco, we find there wonderful paintings and sculptures made by famous Cusco craftsmen, you will be able to appreciate the Cusco art in mud of different forms, the pulpit of the Church of San Blas where they will be impressed by the work done.

HISTORICAL SANCTUARY OF MACHUPICCHU CUSCO PERU

Located in the province of Urubamba from Km. 82 to Km. 122 of the railway line between Cusco and Quillabamba, it covers an area of 33,000 hectares. The climate of this zone is semi-tropical, rainy from November to April and warm from May to October. In this Sanctuary there is an abundance of flora and fauna, as well as majestic snow-capped mountains, which is an attraction for locals and foreigners: Salkantay, Waynapicchu among others. More than 114 archeological sites have also been registered so far, the following being the most important and accessible to tourism:

INKA CITY OF MACHUPICCHU – Famous Inka city, the most important Andean Cultural symbol, located in the middle of majestic mountains of jungle brow. To 112 Kms. by Railroad of Cusco.

It is difficult to find in the world a place comparable to Machupicchu. This Inca sanctuary, located in the heart of the archaeological capital of America, is one of the most important archaeological monuments in the world, declared by UNESCO as: Machupicchu Cultural Patrimony of Humanity next to the historic city: Cusco Cultural Patrimony of Humanity.

Visiting Machupicchu is a unique experience. The mystical solemnity of its imposing stone walls inspires a deep respect for the builders of this monumental work, who knew how to conjugate, like no one else in the world, the artifice of their creation with the capricious and wild nature.

The excursion to Machupicchu in Cusco Peru begins with the pick up from your hotel very early, leaving the train station in the morning towards the majestic city of Machupicchu, the travel time is approximately 3 hours 30 minutes, time during which you ascend to 3600 meters above sea level. Appreciating a diversity of natural landscapes according to the existing altitudinal floors, then descends by the Valley of Anta, passing by Ollantaytambo and arrives at the Station of Bridge Ruins located in the town of Aguas Calientes in Machupicchu Cusco, from this station buses must be taken to make the ascent to the Historical Sanctuary of Machupicchu in Cusco with a height of 2225 m.s.n.m. The visit begins observing the grandiose landscape that surrounds, enhancing the beauty of its Temples, adoratories, enclosures and staircases that connect the different planes on which the constructions are raised, all Machupicchu is an exaltation to the stone, the time of the visit is 3 hours, at the end of which again it is descended towards the town of Aguas Calientes (located at the foot of the mountain) where the visitor will be able to have lunch and to make his purchases. Then the return trip to the city of Cusco.

Duration of the excursion: 14 hours aprox.

Frequency: Every day.

Required (Prices per person)

Entrance to the Sanctuary

Useful tips: Camera and / or photographic camera

Light clothing and comfortable shoes.

INFORMATION ABOUT THE SACRED VALLEY

The Sacred Valley of the Inkas or Vilcanota Valley, is nestled between the towns of Pisaq (Calca) and Ollantaytambo (Urubamba) is beautiful, suggestive and was much appreciated by the Inca, due to its special conditions such as the beneficial climate and the generous fertility of their lands.

This tour begins with the pick up of the passengers of the hotel to go then across a paved highway to the town of Pisaq in Calca located to 32 Km. of the city of the Cusco Historical Capital of Peru; where it will be able to be appreciated and to make some purchases in the Handicraft Market (Main Square), the typical work will be observed handcrafted in ceramics, leather and looms elaborated by the own craftsmen of the place.

Continuing the excursion you will pass through the towns of Coya, Lamay, Calca, Yucay, Urubamba, where you can see beautiful flora and fauna during the journey that lasts approximately 45 minutes to reach the city of Urubamba where generally lunches in a typical restaurant or in any case international food; In the afternoon we continue the tour to the town of Ollantaytambo, the only inhabited Inka City, where the normal tour includes a visit to the Archaeological Complex of Ollantaytambo, if there is time is recommended to take a tour of the same town whose Inca streets are very beautiful.

This typical Inca town, located 93 km to the northeast of Cusco, was named after the cacique Ollanta, who according to oral tradition, fell in love with a princess daughter of the Inca Pachacutec and was harshly punished for fixing in a deity, his eyes of simple mortal.

In the complex, located on the hill that dominates the town, buildings such as the Temple of the Sun, the Mañaracay or Royal Hall, the Incahuatana and the Baths of the Princess stand out. In the upper part is a fortress consisting of a series of terraces of carved stone and was built to protect the valley from possible invasions of ethnic jungle. One of its best preserved areas extends north of Hanan Huacaypata Square: a total of 15 blocks of mansions built on walls of carved stone.

Then and back to Cusco, visit the Complex of Chinchero, indigenous people built on Inca constructions, there is an archaeological complex of importance and a colonial time.

Duration of the excursion: 10 hours aprox.

Frequency: Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sundays.
Useful advices: Camera and/or photographic camera.

Light clothing and comfortable shoes

INFORMATION ABOUT INKA TRAIL

The Inca Trail to Machupicchu in Cusco Peru, is a very old empire time, which connects Ollantaytambo and Machupicchu in the Sacred Valley of the Incas. Along its route an exuberant geographic beauty is appreciated, diverse ecological floors and rich flora and own fauna of the sanctuary; along its route numerous archaeological monuments will be appreciated, that are evidences of small populated centers of the time Inka, with great quantity of religious architecture, the most important are: Patallaqta, Runquraqay, Sayaqmarka, Phuyupatamarca, Wiñay Wayna and Machupicchu.

WIÑAY WAYNA – Beautiful archeological monument located 2 hours from Machupicchu along the Inka Trail, (2,400 masl), very close there is a small tourist lodge, and the local interpretation center of the Historic Sanctuary of Machupicchu (Faculty of Biology of the University of Cusco).

PUEBLO DE MACHUPICCHU (HOT WATERS) – It is the current town of Machupicchu, District of the Province of Urubamba, with approximately 800 inhabitants, dedicated to the offer of tourist services (lodging, restaurants and crafts). Its main attraction are the thermo-medicinal baths.

INKA WAY – The great Inca Empire was totally covered by a very complex network of roads that the experienced Inca builders built. The admirable Inca roads, with magnificent roads hundreds of kilometers long, joined all the confines of the Empire.

The Inca Trail in the stretch that is commonly known between km. 88 of the railway line to Machupicchu, concentrates 90% of the trekking or walks that are made in Cusco, however, is not the only route, there are others of a duration of one or more days to surrounding places of the valley, which travel the Andean roads and picturesque landscapes of the area.

Along 43Km. of route it will be possible to relive the pilgrimage that the ancient Peruvians made towards the sacred city of Machupicchu, enjoying the variety of landscapes and climates; from the temperate valley of Urubamba and the puna of Warmiwañusqa up to the semitropical zone of Wiñaywayna and Machupicchu.

People come from all over the world to get to know and personally experience the road that the majestic Incas traveled more than five hundred years ago.

  • Duration of the excursion: 4 days and 3 nights (classic tour)
  • Frequency: Every day.
  • Includes: Transportation by bus until the beginning of the trekking.
  • Accommodation in double tents.
  • All the food and all the dishes during the trekking.
  • 03 breakfasts, 03 lunches, 03 dinners.
  • Kitchen, dining room and bathroom tents.
  • Porters.
  • Official guide of tourism.
  • Entrance ticket to the citadel
  • Ticket of descent of ruins to station.
  • Ticket of return in train to the City of Cusco.
  • Transfer train station / hotel

INFORMATION ABOUT CANOEING IN THE SACRED RIVER (URUBAMBA) AND FOR EXPERTS IN THE APURIMAC RIVER

It is catalogued as Adventure Tourism, which takes place in the beautiful Urubamba River that crosses the entire length of the canyon of the Sacred Valley of the Inkas: Huambutío San Salvador, Pisaq, Coya, Lamay, Calca, Yucay, Urubamba, Ollantaytambo Chilca and Machupicchu.

The Rafting in the Urubamba River or Vilcanota of the Sacred Valley of the Inkas, offers three sections, each one of them is carried out in one day, being able to join for itineraries of two and three days. The sections are the following ones:

1.- Huambutio – Pisaq, 2.- Pachar – Ollantaytambo Chilca and 3.- Boca de sapo and the Huarán rapids.

Considered the most popular and easiest section to do, it does not require previous experience or any special physical aptitude, nor any specialized equipment, as long as this river is crossed from May to September. The rapids are short and of little technical difficulty. This does not mean that they are unattractive.

3.- This section offers more adventure and more rapids are crossed than in the first section. In general the route is more varied and with faster water. It is faster, but it does not offer significant risk.

This is the most exciting section of Urubamba, located an hour and a half from the Imperial City. The route means pure adrenaline and large torrents. Some experience is necessary and there is no considerable risk, but the tour can only be done in the dry season, from June to September. This sector of the river is really of medium difficulty, but of high technical level, for the quality of maneuvers that can make the fans. Kayaking is also practiced in this place (a small boat with capacity for only one person), which due to its size and weight allows crossing rapids with higher degrees of difficulty and perform maneuvers that would be impossible on a normal raft.

Those interested in the practice of professional canoeing with greater difficulties than those described in the preceding points also have their option (all this practice is done on the river Apurimac) for it there are some specialized agencies and the prices in them depend on the number of days, participants and difficulties requested the recommended are Eric Adventures and Mayuc.

  • Duration of the excursion: 8 hours
  • Frequency: Every day.
  • Includes : – Transportation in private bus round trip.
  • – 1 lunch (salads, hot and cold drinks)
  • – Expert guide boat captain.
  • – Rubber boat, oars, life jacket, helmet and raincoat.
  • Useful tips: – swimwear.
  • – Shorts and thin trousers.
  • – Insect repellent.
  • – Sunscreen.
  • – Towel.
  • – A set of dry clothes, including footwear for the return.

APURIMAC RIVER VALLEY AND CANYON (EXPERT CANOEING)

Impressive natural scenery 140 km (2.5h) from Cusco, by asphalted road (towards Abancay). Accessible from the Saywite pass in the district of Cachora (45 km from Abancay / 3,600 masl), this natural phenomenon of majestic surroundings and surrounded by the Salcantay mountain range is considered one of the deepest and most beautiful in the world, presenting enormous rocks and exuberant vegetation.

A favorite destination for trekking and canoeing enthusiasts, the Apurimac features unique and incomparable rapids, waterfalls with Class V technical difficulty and is considered one of the widest and most complete rivers.

In its near surroundings are the thermo-medicinal baths of Cconoc. The archaeological site of Choqekiraw “cradle of gold”, last bastion of the Incas.

For nature lovers, the canyon offers a series of viewpoints or watchtowers that allow you to contemplate the impressive landscape of the region, such as Cóndor Huachana, San Cristóbal, Capitán Rumi, Taramocco, Capulíoc, Kiuñalla, Cachicuna, Huascatay, among others.

Another of the riches worth visiting are the bridges that, at different times, the men of the region have built in order to overcome the impasses of nature with admirable structures, some for their simplicity and others for their dimensions, as if defying the roaring river.

INFORMATION ABOUT THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK OF PIKILLACTA

Located 33 kms. south of Cusco, a short distance from the beautiful lagoon of Huacarpay.

PIKILLACTA – It presents characteristics of a great urban center corresponding to the time of development of the Wari Empire; with more than a thousand constructions between squares, qolpas or deposits of food, courts or houses, temples, long and narrow streets, with buildings that had up to four floors of high.

ANDAHUAYLILLAS – Typical Andean village from the time of the colony, of singular origin and architecture. It stands out its Catholic temple of the colonial epoch with profuse decoration and mural painting of the XVII and XVIII century. This church is called the Sistine of America.

TOURIST INFORMATION ABOUT MARAS MORAY and SALINERAS

The picturesque town of Maras, a multicolored whim of nature, houses the most important salt mines in the region being exploited since the Inca and viceroyalty period, where it was the first center of salt production in the southern part of the mountains.

This friendly city is located 46 km. from the city of Cusco, in the province of Urubamba, and still retains much of its beautiful colonial architecture. There are extraordinary doorways with fine carved stone, as well as lintels with sculptures in low relief.

Moray is a formidable archeological complex, formed by admirable systems of terraces, of enormous terraces that are superimposed concentrically, taking the form of a gigantic amphitheater. These beautiful terraces formed a great agricultural laboratory, in which the ancient Peruvians experimented and obtained improvements. Incredible advances were achieved in agriculture, which constituted its main labor activity and the base of its economic development.

The brilliant and daring conception of its Inca constructions had no limits for the ancient Peruvians. Throughout the world, men generally built from the ground up. In Moray they worked downwards, removing extraordinary quantities of rock and stones, and employing thousands of workers for several generations, to give shape to several groupings of platforms in almost perfect circular form. Its perfection was such that to this day it works impeccably.

This tour begins with the pick up of the passengers from the hotel to direct them in a private bus through a paved road to these two places accompanied by an official tourist guide (optional), where after a visit of approximately two hours we return to the city of Cusco.

  • Duration of the excursion: 8 hours
  • Frequency: Every day.
  • Includes: – Transportation in private bus
  • – Official tourism guide.
  • – Income.
  • – Picnic.
  • Useful tips: – Camera and / or photographic camera
  • – Light clothing and comfortable shoes
  • Price to consult with the operator.

 

How To Get To Machupicchu

The trip Cusco – Machupicchu begins at the San Pedro (St. Peter) train station located on Kaskaparo street opposite the Central Market.

The tourist train departs at 6:15 a.m. In order to assure a seat on the train (or autovagon), the ticket should be bought a day in advance.

In addition to the tourist train there is also a iocal train that leaves San Pedro everyday at 7:30 a.m., and the ticket costs approximated US $ 5.00 or 15 soles.. Tourists are welcome on the local train. Again, the ticket must be bought in advance. Passangers who travel by the tourist train and pian to overnight in Machupicchu or Aguas Calientes, should buy a one-way ticket. The return trip ticket must be bought on the day of return at the Aguas Calientes station as all train tickets are good tor one day only. However, it was stated lately, that if one, who wishes to overnight, informs the personnel at the train station (Aguas Calientes) permission may be given to use a round—trip ticket.

The trip takes just about three and a half hours, unless the train brea down in route; this happens once in a while. After leaving the station the train begins a series of switchbacks to climb out of the saucerlike bowl in which Cusco is situated and cross the mountain tops. Occasionally tourists think that the engineer is slightly demented, first going forward, then backing up, stopping, then starting again. Be sure that he is not. He’s merely following the zigzag pattern of the railroad tracks.

While ascending one can have an impressive panorama view of Cusco. Upon passing the second zigzag, one of the four Inca roads specificaly the Quito road, comes into view. It is a cobblestone road in its entire length, as are the other three royal Inca roads.

At the summit of the mountain you are ascending, the Quito road can be seen for a good distance as well as the Cusco – Lima highway that later becomes part of the Panamerican Highway. The trip Cusco to Lima via Panamerican takes tow full days at the least and covers a distance of 1,170 kilometers.

Being now at the summit of the mountain which is called “El Arco”, the remains of a Spanish aqueduct which brought water to Cusco from lake Piuray can be note. From this point on the train begins its descent to Puente Ruinas (last train stop), which is at 6,000 ft.

Once past “El Arco”, the train enters the province of Anta, a vast plateau which is used for agriculture and levistock. The name Anta comes from the Quechua word “anti” meaning copper, as the Mountains of the area contain copper, although not in great quantities. On the right, stands the Cachimayo fertilizer plant and be road to Chinchero, as interesting tourist attraction. This extensive pampa of Anta was the site of the ferocious battle between the young Inca Ripac who later became emperor Wiracocha, and the belligerent tribe of natives called Chancas. According to tradition, the Chancas were repelled in their efforts to seige Cusco by means of an ingenious strategy. As the legend goes, hundreds if not thousands of Inca soldiers hid in threnches lightly covered with earth. At the decisive moment, they jumped out and confronted the enemy. The surprised Chancas, who believed then, that the sun god had converted the stones into soldiers, surrendered themselves inmediately. They were subsequentely slaughtered mercilessly.

For that reason the area is also called “Yahuar Pampa” or the bloody field”. Likewise, this pampa was the site of the battle of Jaquijahuana in which the Spanish conquistador Hernando Pizarro was defeated by Pedro de la Gasca. On crossing the plateau of Anta, the train stops at the Izcuchaca station. Izcuchaca in the native language means “limestone bridge” as the village boasts a 16th Spanish built bridge.

Once past the plateau of Anta, we come to the small town of Huarocondo which stands close to the head of the valley of the Huarocondo or Pomatales River, down which the railroad descends to meet the Urubamba valley at the train station of Pachar.

This valley was sacred to the Incas for its pleasant climate and fertile soil. Here potatoes, corn, lima beans, as well as fruits such as peaches, prunes, strawberries, grapes, apples, pears, etc. are grown.

From Pachar on, you will follow the Vilcanota River or Upper Urubamba to Machupicchu. The Vilcanota was held in awe by the Incas because during the rainy season its water level rises considerably, causing floods and erosion, and becoming quite dangerous. This river is one of the principal tributaries of the Amazon. It originates at “Caylloma – Arequipa.

Going towards from the Pachar station, you pass a formidable work of Inca engineering in the form of a megalithic bridge. The central pillar is protected from the constant threat of the river’s flow by two immense rocks placed directly in front of it, thus acting as wave breakers. The Incas understood that these granite rocks would divide the water into two streams, thus reducing the water pressure on the center pillar. It can also be noted that the river is channeled by the existence of lateral walls on both banks, which date pack to Incan times.

Next is the Ollanta station. This area is famous for the remains of the Ollantaitambo fortress which can be seen on the right. This fortress was built by the Inca Pachacutec in the 15th Century to defend the entrance to the Sacred Valley. From Ollanta on, a series of beautiful snowcapped mountains grace the way.

passing Ollantaitambo, after crossing the Urubamba, the railroad enters the beginnings of a gorge which grows ever narrower and deeper as you pass Chillca. Traces of Inca construction become mors frequent and the vegetation grows more prolific. You are leaving the high lands and entering the mountainous fringes of the Amazon known locally as the “evebrow of the jungle”.

At kilometer 88, the small town of Corihuayrachina marks the beginning of the famous Inca road which leads to the archaeological ruins of Runku Racav, Phuyo Pata Marca and Winay Wayna, ending at Machupicchu.

Travel along the 30 kilometer trail is dangerous in some places because of its narrowness. The trip takes between 3 and 4 days. All along this route exist caves, stairways, farming terraces, watch towers, temples and remains of rooms, all Incan construction. The view is specially impressive due to the snow- covered peaks and thick vegetation.

As the train continues its descent of the valley you catch glimpses of Mt. La Veronica (18,865ft.), to the right, the ruins of Choquesuysuy which is above the Vilcanota River, and also a dam used for the hydroelectric scheme.

Next comes Aguas Calientes (Hot Springs), a ramshackle little town with a frontier feel to it that has grown up as a “dormitory” for families of workers employed at Machupicchu. After another one and half kilometers the train pulls into Puente Ruinas, the Machupicchu train station.

Before 1998 the local or Indian train will continue another 61 kilometers to the town of Quillabamba, capital of the province